May 2, 2009

The Destiny of Those Who Die in Infancy?

Myron Houghton has an interesting
post asking and answering the question concerning the destiny of those who die in infancy. In sum, Houghton notes:

The Major Views:
  • Infants who die in infancy unbaptized do not go to heaven
  • Infants who die in infancy unbaptized may or may not go to heaven
  • Infants who die in infancy are damned
  • Infants who die in infancy are saved and with Christ in heaven

The Major Reasons for Believing that Infants Who Die in Infancy Go to Heaven:
  • The Death and Resurrection of Christ
  • The Nature and Place of Saving Faith
  • God’s Special Interest in Infants & Young Children
  • David’s Statement Upon the Death of His Week-Old Child
  • The Nature of the Great White Throne Judgment
  • Hell, the Punishment for Refusal to Believe
  • Divine Election
  • One Purpose for Hell
Read the entire post here.

Biblical Genealogies: The Purpose

This post continues a series on biblical genealogies (see here, here, and here). Today, I will discuss the purpose of biblical genealogies.

A cursory reading of biblical genealogies might suggest that the genealogies sole purpose was to provide a written account of family histories. However, Johnson has actually identified nine different purposes for Old Testament genealogies. These purposes are as follows:

“(1) The demonstration of existing relations between Israel and neighboring tribes by tracing them back to a common patronyms, thus establishing a degree of kinship and at the same time a degree of distinction between Israel and her neighbors . . . (2) The interrelating of the previously isolated traditional elements concerning Israelite origins by the creation of a coherent and inclusive genealogical system. . . (3) to establish continuity over those periods of time not covered by material from the tradition . . . (4) as the vehicle for chronological speculation concerning the ‘Great Year’ or world cycles . . . (5) Several genealogies of tribes in I Chron. 2–8 no longer in existence in the Chronicler’s day show signs of being constructed of material from lists of military leaders . . . (6) to demonstrate the legitimacy of an individual in his office or to provide an individual a rank with connections to a worthy family or individual of the past . . . (7) for establishing the homogeneity of a race . . . (8) [an] attempt to assert the importance of the principle of the continuity of the people of God through a period of national disruption . . . (9) the most frequent use of the genealogical form is to be found in those writings which emanate from priestly circles, and that this use has a primarily literary function.”[1]

[1] Marshall D. Johnson, The Purpose of Biblical Genealogies with Special Reference to the Setting of the Genealogies of Jesus, 2nd ed., Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series, ed. G. N. Stanton, vol. 8 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), 77–80.

May 1, 2009

Fabulous Friday Special

Christian Book Distributors is running a Friday ONLY special on the twelve volume New Testament Commentary Series authored by William Hendriksen and Simon Kistemaker for only $79.99 (plus about $8 postage). That is about $7 a volume for a hardback book! I purchased these volumes individually for substantially more than that. The retail price for the series is $700. Check it out

Free Audio Download of Foxe's Book of Martyrs is offering a free audio download of the classic F
oxe's Book of Martyrs.

"During the 16th and 17th centuries, many families owned two books: the Bible and Foxe's Book of Martyrs. This classic book arose during the Protestant Reformation and profoundly influenced many in the English Church. Beginning with Stephen and the earliest church martyrs and continuing through the French Revolution, Foxes details the sufferings of those who would courageously stand for Christ. Nadia May does a wonderful job narrating and her empathetic tone helps with the difficult subject matter."

Go here and use the coupon code MAY2009.

Apr 30, 2009

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews that may be of interest from a Bible Exposition perspective include:

William S. Campbell, Peter S. Hawkins, and Brenda Deen Schildgen, eds.
Medieval Readings of Romans
Reviewed by Francis Dalrymple-Hamilton

Adrian Curtis
Oxford Bible Atlas
Reviewed by George Athas

Lois M. Farag
St. Cyril of Alexandria, a New Testament Exegete: His Commentary on the Gospel of John
Reviewed by Hennie Stander

Terence E. Fretheim
Abraham: Trials of Family and Faith
Reviewed by Hallvard Hagelia

Susan Haber; edited by Adele Reinhartz
"They Shall Purify Themselves": Essays on Purity in Early Judaism
Reviewed by Joshua Schwartz

Justin K. Hardin
Galatians and the Imperial Cult: A Critical Analysis of the First-Century Social Context of Paul's Letter
Reviewed by Mark D. Nanos

Susan R. Holman, ed.
Wealth and Poverty in Early Church and Society
Reviewed by Preston M. Sprinkle

Henry Ansgar Kelly
Satan: A Biography
Reviewed by James A. Metzger

Dale B. Martin
Pedagogy of the Bible: An Analysis and Proposal
Reviewed by Renate Viveen Hood

R. J. R. Plant
Good Figs, Bad Figs: Judicial Differentiation in the Book of Jeremiah
Reviewed by C.A. Strine

Regards croisés sur la Bible: Études sur le point de vue (Actes du IIIe colloque international du Réseau de recherche en narrativité biblique Paris, 8-10 juin 2006)
Reviewed by Jean-François Racine

Kenneth Schenck
Cosmology and Eschatology in Hebrews: The Settings of the Sacrifice
Reviewed by Jason A. Whitlark

F. Scott Spencer
The Gospel of Luke and Acts of the Apostles
Reviewed by Gregory E. Sterling

Ivar Vegge
2 Corinthians-A Letter about Reconciliation: A Psychagogical, Epistolographical and Rhetorical Analysis
Reviewed by Laurence Welborn

Basic Annotated Linguistic Bibliography

Mike Aubrey has posted a basic annotated linguistic bibliography

Apr 29, 2009

Gorman on Theological Interpretation

Michael J. Gorman has posted excerpts from hisdiscussion of the ological interpretation from the revised and expanded edition of
Elements of Biblical Exegesis (Hendrickson, 2009). You can read it here.

HT: Nijay Gupta

Apr 28, 2009

Bruce Waltke and Peter Enns

The latest issue of the Westminster Theological Journal contains Bruce Waltke's review article of Peter Enn's controversial book
Inspiration and Incarnation and Peter Enns' response to Waltke. You can view pdf's of both here.

Mounce on Metamorphoō and Personal Mission Statements

Bill Mounce has posted on the Greek verb metamorphoō and personal mission statements. What does one have to do with another? Read it here.

Apr 27, 2009

Latest Issue of Themelios

The latest issue of
Themelios (
April 2009) is now available online with links to its content here.

Mariottini on Deborah the Prophetess/Judge

Claude Mariottini has posted an article on Deborah the Judge

Nicole on the New Testament's Use of the Old Testament

Justin Taylor notes that Roger Nicole's 1958 essay, "
New Testament Use of the Old Testament," is now available online for free in both PDF and iPaper formats. See also Justin's summary of the article here.

Apr 26, 2009

Commentaries on Hosea

Keith Mathison Ligonier Ministries has a list and discussion of his top five commentaries on Hosea at the Ligonier Ministries blog. The list is solid. But I would replace either Hubbard or Kidnder with Duane Garrett (NAC). I would also add Gary V. Smith (NIVAC) to the Runners Up category. In any case, Mathison’s top five are:

1. Douglas Stuart -- Hosea-Jonah (Word Biblical Commentary, 1987).
The single best commentary on the first five minor prophets is the commentary by

2. Thomas E. McComiskey -- The Minor Prophets (2009 [1992]).
3. David Allan Hubbard -- Hosea (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, 1989).
4. Derek Kidner -- The Message of Hosea (The Bible Speaks Today, 1984).

5. Francis I. Andersen and David Noel Freedman -- Hosea (Yale Anchor Bible, 1980).