May 26, 2017

Ten Theses on Biblical Theology

Scott Hafemann along with Richard Schultz developed the following “Ten Theses on Biblical Theology.”

1. Biblical theology should be biblical, taking the canon in its entirety as its starting point and criterion.

2. Biblical theology should be theological, aiming at making synthetic assertions about the nature, will, and plan of God in creation and redemption, as well as their corresponding implications for the nature, will, and purposes of humanity.

3. Biblical theology should be historical, contextual, and thematic in its methodology, integrating historical development, literary structures, sociocultural factors, and theological concepts within an understanding of the history of redemption.

4. Biblical theology should develop its theological categories inductively from the biblical text, not from a predetermined systematic framework.

5. Biblical theology should be exegetically based, taking intertextuality as its starting point., including both the “OT” use of the “OT” and the “NT” use of the “OT” as preserved in the MT and LXX traditions.

6. Biblical theology should be intentionally bi-testamental and unifying, so that neither the OT nor NT are read in isolation from each other nor from the standpoint of a “canon within a canon.”

7. Biblical theology should work toward a unity of canon, going beyond the traditional disciplines of OT and NT theology and beyond providing simply descriptive accounts of the various theological emphases within its individual writings.

8. Biblical theology should strive to incorporate the diversity of the biblical writings within the unity of its theology, without sacrificing either its historical particularity or its overarching history of redemption.

9. Biblical theology should be both descriptive and prescriptive in order to be faithful to its theological task of providing an enduring contribution to the self-understanding of God’s people within their contemporary context.

10. Biblical theology should be pursued by means of an intentional dialogue within the body of Christ in order to overcome the lamentable specialization of biblical scholars and be viewed as a profoundly spiritual calling in order to be faithful to the biblical witness.

Scott Hafemann, “What’s the Point of Biblical Theology? Reflections Prompted by Brevard Childs,” in BiblicalTheology: Past, Present, and Future, ed. Corey Walsh and Mark. W Elliott, (Cascade: Eugene, OR, 2016), 118-19.

May 25, 2017

Biblical Theology Books

Paul Henebury evaluates a number of biblical theology books here.

May 24, 2017

Genesis 1 to Exodus 40 as Prelude to Leviticus

L. Michael Morales’ biblical theology of Leviticus is an interesting read. The following quote sets up where Morales sees Leviticus going." target="_blank="As the fiery glory of YHWH fills the tabernacle at the end of the book of Exodus, the drama of redemptive history thus far comes to a culminating pinnacle. There is even a sense in where one could read Genesis 1 to Exodus 40 as a complete narrative, a story about being expelled from God’s Presence in Eden, then, finally being brought back into that Presence through the tabernacle cultus – a story about Paradise lost and regained. Fittingly, the tabernacle and its furnishings are pervaded in the Edenic imagery. The tabernacle narrative crowning Exodus 40, then, not only forms a bookend with the creation accounts of Genesis 1 – 3, both pertaining to life in the Presence of God, but, further still, the tabernacle cultus is presented as a mediated resolution to the crisis introduced in Genesis 3 with humanity’s expulsion from Eden.
L. Michael Morales, Who Shall Ascend the Mountain of the Lord? A Biblical Theology of Leviticus, New Studies in Biblical Theology 37, ed. D. A. Carson (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2015), 75.

May 21, 2017

Resources on Acts

Mike Bird lists his top ten resources on Acts here.

May 20, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

John J. Collins
The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature
Reviewed by Marvin A. Sweeney

Nina Henrichs-Tarasenkova
Luke’s Christology of Divine Identity
Reviewed by James F. McGrath

Hannelore Jauss
Der liebebedürftige Gott und die gottbedürftige Liebe des Menschen: Ursprung und Funktion der Rede von der Liebe des Menschen zu Gott als alttestamtentlicher Beitrag zur Gotteslehre
Reviewed by Michael S. Moore

Karl Allen Kuhn
The Kingdom according to Luke and Acts: A Social, Literary, and Theological Introduction
Reviewed by Frank E. Dicken

R. Reed Lessing
Isaiah 56–66
Reviewed by Dominic S. Irudayaraj

Rüdiger Liwak; Markus Witte and Dagmar Pruin, eds.
Israel in der altorientalischen Welt: Gesammelte Studien zur Kultur- und Religionsgeschichte des antiken Israel
Reviewed by Jeremy M. Hutton

Matthew R. Malcolm
Paul and the Rhetoric of Reversal in 1 Corinthians: The Impact of Paul’s Gospel on His Macro-Rhetoric
Reviewed by Timothy J. Christian

Bruce J. Malina and John J. Pilch
Social-Science Commentary on the Deutero-Pauline Letters
Reviewed by Maria Karyakina
Reviewed by Korinna Zamfir

Julia M. O’Brien
Reviewed by Bob Becking

May 19, 2017

Moo on James' and Paul's Use of Genesis 15:6

I think Doug Moo’s explanation of the difference between James’ and Paul’s use of Genesis 15:6 to be helpful.
To borrow a metaphor from the world of photography, Paul uses a telephoto lens to isolate the inherent meaning of the verse whereas James looks at the verse through a wide-angle lens, viewing it in the larger landscape of the Abraham narrative. Paul cites the verse to highlight the adequacy of faith in and of itself to justify a person before God. The faith Abraham exercises here comes before his circumcision (Gn 17) and before his famous “work” of obedience (Gn 22). As so often, Paul gives fuller meaning to the terms of the original text, especially in his strongly forensic interpretation of righteousness. But his application of the text, I have argued, is legitimate, since Gn 15:6 teaches that Abraham’s faith was considered by God as meeting the entirety of his obligation before God. James gives us no reason to think that he ignores or changes the meaning of the text. But he insists that the faith of which Gn 15:6 speaks is, in the larger story of Genesis, a faith that expresses itself in works of obedience and that these works are also to be included in the “entirety of the obligation” that Abraham owes to God.
Douglas Moo, “Genesis 15:6 in the New Testament,” in From Creation to New Creation: Biblical Theology and Exegesis, ed. Daniel M. Gurtner and Benjamin L. Gladd (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2013), 162.

May 18, 2017

Observe Repetition. Observe Repetition

I appreciate the words below from Dale Ralph Davis. I often tell my students that the biblical authors did not have emoticons so one has to read especially carefully and closely. One basic way is to observe repetition.
"Biblical writers did not have the luxury of using bold, italicized, or underlined type as our computer-driven generation does. They had to make their emphases in different ways. Repetition was one means that they used as a substitute for underscoring." 
The Word Became Fresh: How to Preach from Old Testament Narrative Texts (Ross-shire, Scotland: Christian Focus Publications, 2006), 22.

May 17, 2017

Watson on Matthew's Gospel

“Matthew’s gospel bears witness to a Jewish Jesus whose person and work are shaped by his people’s history as interpreted in the scriptural record. The gospel was placed first in the canonical collection because its early readers were convinced by its fundamental claim: salvation has come to the world in the person of a Jew.”

Francis Watson, The Fourfold Gospel: A Theological Reading of the New Testament Portraits of Jesus (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2016), 49.

May 16, 2017

Five Pointers on Using Humor in Preaching

Peter Mead has five pointers on using humor in preaching here.

May 15, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

M. Eugene Boring
I and II Thessalonians: A Commentary
Reviewed by Matthew D. Jensen

Constantine R. Campbell
Advances in the Study of Greek: New Insights for Reading the New Testament
Reviewed by Hennie Stander

Roy R. Jeal
Exploring Philemon: Freedom, Brotherhood, and Partnership in the New Society
Reviewed by Timothy Gombis
Reviewed by S. Matthew Solomon

Lori Khatchadourian
Imperial Matter: Ancient Persia and the Archaeology of Empires
Reviewed by Jason M. Silverman

John S. Kloppenborg and Alicia J. Batten, eds.
James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Early Jesus Traditions
Reviewed by Pheme Perkins

David McAuley
Paul’s Covert Use of Scripture: Intertextuality and Rhetorical Situation in Philippians 2:10–16
Reviewed by Isaac Blois

Young-Ho Park
Paul’s Ekklesia as a Civic Assembly: Understanding the People of God in Their Politico-Social World
Reviewed by Bradley J. Bitner

Alexander Prokhorov
The Isaianic Denkschrift and a Socio-cultural Crisis in Yehud: A Rereading of Isaiah 6:1–9:6[7]
Reviewed by Csaba Balogh

Stephen Richard Turley
The Ritualized Revelation of the Messianic Age: Washings and Meals in Galatians and 1 Corinthians
Reviewed by Craig L. Blomberg

May 14, 2017

ETS Videos: Progressive Covenantalism and Progressive Dispensationalism

Videos of the three plenary sessions from the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Southwest Region of the Evangelical Theological Society are now available on Youtube. The theme was “Progressive Covenantalism and Progressive Dispensationalism” and the plenary speakers were Dr. Stephen Wellum and Dr. Craig Blaising.

Plenary Session 1 – Dr. Stephen Wellum, “Progressive Covenantalism”

Plenary Session 2 – Dr. Craig Blaising, “Progressive Dispensationalsim”

Panel Discussion – Drs. Wellum and Blaising

May 13, 2017

Soldiers Using the Bathroom in the ANE

Charlie Trimm has a brief but enlightening post here on how soldiers used the bathroom in the ancient Near East.

May 12, 2017

Taking Notes on a Computer?

This is fairly balanced article on the advantages and  disadvantages of taking notes on a computer in class.

HT: George Hillman

May 11, 2017

5 Lessons from Preaching in a Dying Church

Brian Croft has a good word here about what he learned from preaching in a dying church. I think his observations might also fit most churches. In any case, I am looking forward to his further unpacking of these lessons.

May 10, 2017

The Identity of the 144,000 in Revelation 7

Clint Archer does a nice job of arguing that the 144,000 means 144,000 here. Readers might also want to check out Joel White's essay, "The 144,000 in Revelation 7 and 14: Old Testament and Intertextual Clues to Their Identity" (pp. 179-97) in the festschrift to Greg Beale, From Creation to New Creation.

Beginning Seminary Later in Life

Daniel Darling has some good advice for those beginning seminary later in life here. In fact, this advice is worth considering for anyone coming to seminary.

May 9, 2017

Creating Better Connections between Preachers and Hearers

Peter Mead shares 20 ways for creating a better connection between preachers and hearers here.
20 suggestions for a better connection between preacher and listeners.
See more:
20 suggestions for a better connection between preacher and listeners
See more:
20 suggestions for a better connection between preacher and listeners
See more:

May 7, 2017

The Lord with His People in the Wilderness

One aspect of blogging that I find helpful is the opportunity to be exposed to what others are reading and studying. a case in point is this post by Shane Lems summarizing part of Timothy Laniak's, Shepherds After My Own Heart, where he discusses three ways in which the Lord helped His people in the wilderness.

May 5, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member. 

James Aitken and James Paget, eds.
The Jewish-Greek Tradition in Antiquity and the Byzantine Empire
Reviewed by Jonathan M. Potter

Anne Fitzpatrick-McKinley, ed.
Assessing Biblical and Classical Sources for the Reconstruction of Persian Influence, History and Culture
Reviewed by Jason M. Silverman

Joseph A. Marchal, ed.

The People beside Paul: The Philippian Assembly and History from Below
Reviewed by Isaac Blois

Chris Tilling
Paul’s Divine Christology
Reviewed by Chris Kugler

Wim J. C. Weren
Studies in Matthew’s Gospel: Literary Design, Intertextuality, and Social Setting
Reviewed by David Kaden

K. K. Yeo, ed.
From Rome to Beijing: Symposia on Robert Jewett’s Commentary on Romans
Reviewed by Eric C. Smith

May 4, 2017

Preaching through Books

Peter Cockrell explains why he does so here. I would encourage all my preaching friends to consider it as well.

May 3, 2017

10 Things You Should Never Do in a Theological Research Paper

You can read about 10 things you should never do in a theological research paper by downloading a free ebook from Michael Kibbe here.

May 2, 2017

Free Audio Book of the Month: The Passionate Preaching of Martyn Lloyd-Jones is offering The Passionate Preaching of Martyn Lloyd-Jones by Steven Lawson as their free audio download for the month of May. You can access this offer here.

May 1, 2017

Free Logos Book for May: Live in Liberty

The free Logos Book of the Month for May is Live in Liberty: The Spiritual Message of Galatians by Daniel Bush and Noel Due. You can also purchase Embracing God as Father: Christian Identity in the Family of God by the same authors for .99 cents and a third book, Confronted by Grace: Meditations of a Theologian by John Webster for $1.99. For all offers you can go to the Logos' Free Book of Month page here.

Apr 30, 2017

The Skeptical State of Bible Reading in 2017

Christianity Today has posted an article on, "The Skeptical State of Bible Reading in 2017" here.

Apr 29, 2017

James Versus Jacob

Mark Wilson notes the problems associated with translating Jacob with James in the New Testament here.

Apr 28, 2017

Corinth Excavations Archaeological Manual

David Pettigrew notes here that the Corinth Excavations Archaeological Manual is being published but you can download a free PDF. David's informative post is here and you can download the PDF here.

Apr 27, 2017

Audio: The Historical Reliability of the Gospels

Credo Courses is offering audio of Craig Blomberg's "The Historical Reliability of the Gospels" for $5. That is not bad for over 13 hours of content. Credo is also offering 50%-off for video and other materials associated with this course. You can see the details here.

Apr 26, 2017

Resources on the Song of Solomon

David Murray has a helpful list here for helpful resources for studying the Song of Solomon.

Apr 25, 2017

Archaeology and Biblical Studies

Terry Wilder argues here that archaeology and biblical studies are distinct but friendly disciplines.

Apr 24, 2017


Todd Chipman has some important questions to ask here.

Apr 23, 2017

A Parable for Greek and Hebrew Students

Gary Manning has posted a clever and humorous parable for language students here.

Apr 22, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

Jeff W. Childers, trans.; George A. Kiraz, ed.
The Antioch Bible: The Gospel of Luke according to the Syriac Peshitta Version with English Translation (Syriac Edition)
Reviewed by David A. Smith

Karin Finsterbusch and Armin Lange, eds.
Texts and Contexts of Jeremiah: The Exegesis of Jeremiah 1 and 10 in Light of Text and Reception History
Reviewed by Marvin A. Sweeney

Simon Gathercole
Defending Substitution: An Essay on Atonement in Paul
Reviewed by Don Garlington

Jogy Cheruvathoor George
The Metaphor of Shepherd in the Gospel of Mark
Reviewed by Wayne Baxter

Jean-Daniel Macchi
Le livre d’Esther
Reviewed by Kristin De Troyer

Scot McKendrick, David Parker, Amy Myshrall, and Cillian O’Hogan, eds.
Codex Sinaiticus: New Perspectives on the Ancient Biblical Manuscript
Reviewed by S. Matthew Solomon

Paola Mollo
An Intratextual Analysis of the Mirroring Birth Stories of Samson and Samuel: Explaining the Narrative Logic of Literary Montage
Reviewed by Catherine Lewis-Smith

Susanne Scholz and Pablo R. Andiñach, eds.
La Violencia and the Hebrew Bible: The Politics and Histories of Biblical Hermeneutics on the American Continent
Reviewed by Hector Avalos
Reviewed by Brandon Grafius

Jan van der Watt, ed.
The Quest for the Real Jesus: Radboud Prestige Lectures by Prof. Dr. Michael Wolter
Reviewed by Stephan Witetschek

Apr 21, 2017

Witherington on Adam and the Genome

I have been enjoying Ben Witherington's interaction with the book Adam and the Genome by Dennis Venema and Scot McKnight. I am not sure how many posts Witherington will do but the first five are here, here, here, here, and here.

Apr 19, 2017

Christ's Resurrection and Missions

William Barrick has some great thoughts here on Christ's resurrection and missions.

Apr 18, 2017

Zondervan Lecture Videos Sale

Zondervan is offering its lecture videos at 55%-off with free shipping. This sale is only good for three days, April 18-20. Use the source code VIDEO. You can check it out here.

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Paying Taxes in Biblical Times

Livia Gershon talks about the process of paying taxes in biblical times here.

Apr 17, 2017

Biblical Chronology

Rodger You has links to a number of resources related to biblical chronology here.

HT: Kevin Woodruff

Apr 15, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

Richard A. Burridge
Four Gospels, One Jesus? A Symbolic Reading
Reviewed by Matthew C. Baldwin

Derek Cooper and Martin J. Lohrmann, eds.
1–2 Samuel, 1–2 Kings, 1–2 Chronicles
Reviewed by John Herbst

Jeremy Gabrielson
Paul’s Non-violent Gospel: The Theological Politics of Peace in Paul’s Life and Letters
Reviewed by Thomas P. Nelligan

Robert H. Gundry
Peter: False Disciple and Apostate according to Saint Matthew
Reviewed by Marius J. Nel

Matthew Ryan Hauge and Andrew W. Pitts, eds.
Ancient Education and Early Christianity
Reviewed by Alex Damm

Jarmo Kiilunen and Nina Nikki
Alfasta oomegaan: Uuden testamentin kreikan tukipaketti
Reviewed by Paavo Tucker

Kasper Bro Larsen
The Gospel of John as Genre Mosaic
Reviewed by D. A. Carson

Gwynned de Looijer
The Qumran Paradigm: Critical Evaluation of Some Foundational Hypotheses in the Construction of the Qumran Sect
Reviewed by Jutta Leonhardt-Balzer

Robert W. Wall and David R. Nienhuis, eds.
A Compact Guide to the Whole Bible: Learning to Read Scripture’s Story
Reviewed by Lilly (SJ) Nortje-Meyer

Shamir Yona
The Many Faces of Repetition: Basic Patterns of Repetition in Construct-State Expressions in Biblical, Post-biblical and Ancient Eastern Rhetoric [Hebrew]
Reviewed by Jerome A. Lund

Apr 14, 2017

Daniel 9:24-27

Kyle Dillon has an excellent post here on the "Seventy Week" prophecy of Daniel 9:24-27. He has summarized and organized quite a bit of material.

Apr 13, 2017

Is Hebrew Behind the World's First Alphabet?

Doug Petrovich thinks so and he explains briefly how and why in this article. This is beyond my expertise so I will await the judgment of others but the proposal is intriguing.

Apr 12, 2017

Ninth Blogaversary

Today marks the ninth anniversary of the beginning of this blog. Thanks to everyone who has stopped by over the years.

Apr 11, 2017

Considering a PhD?

Andy Naselli has some good questions for students considering a PhD to ask here.

Apr 10, 2017

The Pontius Pilate Inscription and the Imperial Cult

Carl Rasmussen has an interesting post here discussing the potential connection between the Pilate Inscription at Caesarea Maritima and a tiberieum dedicated to the imperial cult.

Apr 9, 2017

The Scofield Reference Bible

With the proliferation of study Bibles, it is easy to forget how groundbreaking the Scofield Reference Bible was. And whether you like it or not, it did get many people into the Word of God. So check out the Oxford Blog's nice write-up on the Scofield's 100th anniversary here.

Apr 8, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

Terrance Callan
Acknowledging the Divine Benefactor: The Second Letter of Peter
Reviewed by Michael F. Bird

Greg Carey
Apocalyptic Literature in the New Testament
Reviewed by David L. Barr
Reviewed by David A. Sánchez

Eryl Davies
Numbers: The Road to Freedom
Reviewed by David Frankel

Jason S. DeRouchie, Jason Gile, and Kenneth J. Turner, eds.
For Our Good Always: Studies on the Message and Influence of Deuteronomy in Honor of Daniel I. Block
Reviewed by Jeffrey G. Audirsch

Tobias Hagerland
Jesus and the Scriptures: Problems, Passages and Patterns
Reviewed by John C. Poirier

Stephen Mark Holmes, ed.
The Fathers on the Sunday Gospels
Reviewed by Jennifer S. Wyant

Robert D. Holmstedt
The Relative Clause in Biblical Hebrew
Reviewed by Frank H. Polak

Hieronymus Horn
Anfänge, die Geschichte schrieben: Das Buch Genesis (1–11) neu kommentiert
Reviewed by Matthias Millard

Teresa J. Hornsby and Deryn Guest
Transgender, Intersex, and Biblical Interpretation
Reviewed by Jo Henderson-Merrygold

Simon J. Joseph
The Nonviolent Messiah: Jesus, Q, and the Enochic Tradition
Reviewed by Blake A. Jurgens

Thomas W. Mann
The Book of the Torah
Reviewed by Cody Eklov

Elvira Martín-Contreras and Lorena Miralles-Maciá, eds.
The Text of the Hebrew Bible: From the Rabbis to the Masoretes
Reviewed by James R. Blankenship

Dieter T. Roth
The Text of Marcion’s Gospel
Reviewed by Hugh Houghton

Emanuel Tov
Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Qumran, Septuagint: Collected Essays, Volume 3
Reviewed by Randall X. Gauthier

Apr 7, 2017

First Century Jews Still in Exile?

Mike Bird discusses the question of whether first century Jews considered themselves to be still in exile here. The discussion is brief and will not shed much light on the particulars but Bird does provide a good bibliography on the topic. 

The AD 33 Date for Jesus' Death

This article by Andreas J. Köstenberger and Justin Taylor came out a few years ago but it provides a good argument for AD 33 rather than 30 for the death of Jesus.

Apr 6, 2017

Fake Dead Sea Scrolls?

See this article on the possibility that some of the Dead Sea Scroll fragments that have been sold/purchased recently are likely fakes.

Apr 5, 2017

The “Para” in Parachurch Ministries

Eric Davis has a good word here on keeping the “para” in parachurch ministries.

Apr 4, 2017

Coins in the Bible Conference

I really wish I could attend this conference on coins in the Bible.

HT: Larry Hurtado

Apr 3, 2017

The Center of the Old Testament

Trying to identify a center for Old Testament has proven to be a daunting task. In a recent article, Richard Davidson notes that he has identified 28 different centers and has added his own seven-fold multiplex suggestion to the pile.[1] The article itself does not provide the list but in an earlier work he lists the following 50 which presumably includes the aforementioned 28.[2]
  1. Covenant (Walter Eichrodt)
  2. God as Lord (Ludwig Köhler)
  3. Holiness of God (Ernst Sellin)
  4. The “experience of God” (O. J. Baab)
  5. Communion (Theodorus C. Vriezen)
  6. Christ (Henry L. Ellison and J. Alec Motyer)
  7. God-Man-Salvation (George A. F. Knight)
  8. Israel’s election as the people of God (Hans Wildberger and Horst D. Preuss)
  9. No center (the early Gerhard von Rad and G. Ernest Wright)
  10. Yahweh, with the Deuteronomistic theology of history as the secret center (the later Gerhard von Rad)
  11. Covenant-kingdom (Rudolph Schnackenburg)
  12. Rulership of God (Horst Seebass)
  13. Heilsgeschichte, or Salvation History (Oscar Cullmann)
  14. The rule of God and communion between God and man (Georg Fohrer)
  15. Covenant of Sinai and covenant of David (Frederick Prussner)
  16. The exclusiveness of God (W. H. Schmidt)
  17. The Kingdom of God (Günther Klein)
  18. Yahweh the God of Israel; Israel the people of Yahweh (Rudolf Smend)19
  19. The book of Deuteronomy (Siegfried Herrmann)
  20. “I am Yahweh your God”: First Commandment (Walther Zimmerli)
  21. God as the dynamic unifying center (Gerhard Hasel)
  22. Creation faith (H. H. Schmid)
  23. The atoning work of Christ (J. Sidlow Baxter)
  24. Promise-blessing (Walter Kaiser, Jr.)
  25. A multiplex center “expressed diagrammatically by an elliptical cylinder. The center is Christ; the foci are God (Yahweh) and people (Israel); concentric layers of the cylinder are election, promise, covenant, kingdom, etc.; and the length of the cylinder is the time in which Israel experienced God in history” (D. F. Baker)
  26. The dialectic of law and promise (Ronald E. Clements)
  27. The elusive presence of God, with a dialectic of the ethical and aesthetic (Samuel Terrien)
  28. The dialectic of deliverance and blessing (Claus Westermann)
  29. The dialectic of providence and election (the earlier Walter Brueggemann)
  30. God’s design (plan and purposes), involving a fourfold center of deliverance, community, knowledge of God, and abundant life (Elmer A. Martens)
  31. Righteousness and justice (Rolf Knierim)
  32. Messianic eschatology (John Sailhamer)
  33. Righteousness (Walter Dietrich)
  34. Covenant and the new creation (Graeme Goldsworthy)
  35. A drama with five acts—creation, sin, Israel, Christ, church (N. T. Wright)
  36. The courtroom trial metaphor/imagery: legal claims—testimony, dispute, advocacy—asserted for Yahweh, God of Israel (the later Walter Brueggemann)
  37. Warfare worldview and theodicy (Gregory Boyd)
  38. Monotheism—the existence and worship of one God (Paul R. House)
  39. God’s steadfast love (Hermann Spieckermann)
  40. Geography and genealogy, dominion and dynasty (Stephen G. Dempster)
  41. God’s order, God’s servant, God’s people, and God’s way (Charles H. H. Scobie)
  42. God’s mission—announcing His kingdom (Arthur F. Glasser)
  43. The hermeneutics of grace (J. Clinton McCann, Jr.)
  44. A drama with six acts (Craig G. Bartholomew and Michael W. Goheen)
  45. The paradigmatic story of Israel—sin, exile, restoration (C. Marvin Pate et al.)
  46. The mission of God (Christopher J. H. Wright)
  47. The sovereign reign of God through human agency (Eugene H. Merrill)
  48. The glory of God in salvation through judgment (James Hamilton)
  49. The “in-breaking of God’s rule” (Bruce Waltke)
  50. The sanctuary/temple (Roberto Ouro)
[1] “The Legacy of Gerhard Hasel’s Old Testament Theology: Basic Issues in the Current Debate Revealed in Old Testament Scholarship of the Last Four Decades,” Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 26 (2015): 15.

[2] Richard M. Davidson, “Back to the Beginning: Genesis 1–3 and the Theological Center of Scripture, in Christ, Salvation, and the Eschaton: Essays in Honor of Hans K. LaRondelle, ed. Jiří Moskala (Berrien Springs, MI: Old Testament Department, Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, Andrews University, 2009), 5-9.

Apr 2, 2017

Free Logos Book for April: Misreading Scripture with Western Eyes: Removing Cultural Blinders to Better Understand the Bible

The free Logos Book of the Month for April is Misreading Scripture with Western Eyes: Removing Cultural Blinders to Better Understand the Bible by Brandon O’Brien and E. Randolph Richards. You can also purchase Reading Scripture with the Church Fathers for $1.99. For both offers you can go to the Logos' Free Book of Month page here.

Apr 1, 2017

New Testament Related Archaeological Discoveries

Gary Shogren's post here relates his five favorite recent New Testament related archaeological discoveries.

Mar 31, 2017

Tips for Creating Effective Instructional Videos

I really want to add videos to my teaching repertoire. This post on "10 Tips for Creating Effective Instructional Videos" looks helpful.

Mar 29, 2017

Strange Anti-Climaxes in Ezra–Nehemiah?

I have found The Bible Project's videos to be creative, well-done, and helpful. I recently watched the video on Ezra-Nehemiah. The presentation is fairly straightforward but the video presents Ezra 4, 9–10 and Nehemiah 13 as  strange anti-climaxes.This explanation is interesting but I am not sure I would view the events in these chapters as negatively as they do. In any case, you can check it out for yourself. Feel free to let me know what you think.

Mar 28, 2017

Tom Schreiner on Tithing

Tom Schreiner explains here why he believes that Christians are not required to tithe.

Mar 27, 2017

Free Audio: Gary Habermas on the Historicity of the Resurrection

Credo Courses are offering free audio of Gary Habermas' course on the historicity of the Resurrection. You can access the offer here.

Mar 26, 2017

Paul's Soteriology

Dr. Mike Burer has provided a nice diagram created by some of his students on Paul's soteriology. Check it out here.

Mar 24, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

Giuseppe de Carlo
Il Bagliore delle luci antiche: Una lettura sapienziale della Bibbia ebraica
Reviewed by Andrea Ravasco

Robert Evans
Reception History, Tradition and Biblical Interpretation: Gadamer and Jauss in Current Practice
Reviewed by William Lamb

Thomas Fabisiak
The “Nocturnal Side of Science” in David Friedrich Strauss’s Life of Jesus Critically Examined
Reviewed by Jeffrey L. Morrow

Joseph Lam
Patterns of Sin in the Hebrew Bible: Metaphor, Culture, and the Making of a Religious Concept
Reviewed by Ryan P. Bonfiglio

Ekaterina Matusova
The Meaning of the Letter of Aristeas: In Light of Biblical Interpretation and Grammatical Tradition, and with Reference to Its Historical Context
Reviewed by Sean A. Adams

J. Gordon McConville and Lloyd K. Pietersen, eds.
Conception, Reception, and the Spirit: Essays in Honor of Andrew T. Lincoln
Reviewed by Joseph Azize

Mark D. Owens
As It Was in the Beginning: An Intertextual Analysis of New Creation in Galatians, 2 Corinthians, and Ephesians
Reviewed by Karl-Wilhelm Niebuhr

Josaphat C. Tam
Apprehension of Jesus in the Gospel of John
Reviewed by Deolito Vender Vistar Jr.

Moulie Vidas
Tradition and the Formation of the Talmud
Reviewed by Joshua Schwartz

William O. Walker
Gospels, Jesus, and Christian Origins
Reviewed by J. Andrew Doole

Stephen I. Wright
Jesus the Storyteller
Reviewed by Marianne Blickenstaff

Mar 23, 2017

Six Keys for Better Sermon Preparation

Jason Allen provides some solid advice and encouragement here for the hard work of sermon preparation.

Three Essential Elements of a Funeral Sermon

What 3 elements need to be in every funeral sermon? An answer can be found here.

Mar 22, 2017

Interpretation Commentaries eBook Sale

There is a three-day sale on volumes in the Interpretation series with prices as low as $1.99. The sale ends Friday, March 24. Amazon, Barnes & Noble, Christian Book Distributors should all have the sale prices. See here.

Do You Love the Psalms?

Robert Godfrey explains why he does here.

Mar 21, 2017

Renovations at Jesus' Tomb

Recent renovations at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre have been completed. You can read about it here.

Mar 20, 2017

Lot in Genesis 19

In Genesis 19, there are several clues that Lot may have compromised morally and spiritually. Consider the following list.
  • Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom (19:1).
  • Lot addressed the wicked men of Sodom as “brothers” (19:7).
  • Lot was willing to offer his two daughters to the wicked men of Sodom (19:8).
  • Lot was willing to let his daughters marry men from Sodom (19:14).
  • Lot’s sons-in-law do not take his warning seriously (19:14).

For these reasons, we might be somewhat surprised that Lot can be described as righteous and implied as godly (2 Pet 2:7-9). But there might be clues that Lot's character was more righteous than it might first appear.
  • Abraham's attempted negotiations in the previous chapter might suggest that Lot was "righteous" (18:16-33).
  • Lot's hospitality towards the visitors is commendable (19:1-3).
  • Lot's attempt to protect the visitors and dissuade the men of Sodom (19:6-8).
  • The men of Sodom's view of Lot as an outsider and as a judge (19:9).
  • The angel's favorable treatment of Lot might imply it (19:10, 12, 15, 16, 21).

Mar 18, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

Todd S. Berzon
Classifying Christians: Ethnography, Heresiology, and the Limits of Knowledge in Late Antiquity
Reviewed by Robert M. Royalty Jr.

Collin Blake Bullard
Jesus and the Thoughts of Many Hearts: Implicit Christology and Jesus’ Knowledge in the Gospel of Luke
Reviewed by Tyler Smith

Anthony Le Donne
A Study Companion to The Bible: An Introduction
Reviewed by Johanna Friedl

Karoline M. Lewis
Reviewed by Chang Seon An

Robert MacEwen
Matthean Posteriority: An Exploration of Matthew’s Use of Mark and Luke as a Solution to the Synoptic Problem
Reviewed by J. Andrew Doole

Matthieu Richelle
Guide pour l’exégèse de l’Ancien Testament: Méthodes, exemples et instruments de travail
Reviewed by Olivier-Thomas Venard

Clare K Rothschild
Paul in Athens: The Popular Religious Context of Acts 17
Reviewed by Troy M. Troftgruben

Brian Schmidt, ed.
Contextualizing Israel’s Sacred Writings: Ancient Literacy, Orality, and Literary Production
Reviewed by Gareth Wearne

Craig A. Smith
2 Timothy
Reviewed by Robert W. Wall

Lena-Sofia Tiemeyer
Zechariah’s Vision Report and Its Earliest Interpreters: A Redaction-Critical Study of Zechariah 1–8
Reviewed by Max Rogland

Mar 16, 2017

Wipf & Stock 50%-Off Sale

Wipf and Stock is having a 50%-off sale. The sale is good until April 3. Use code INV50 at checkout to get the discount. Here is a list of the books on sale.

Mar 15, 2017

Is This Really Satire

The Babylon Bee has this post about choosing a dissertation topic. But those who have been through the process of trying to select a topic know how true to life this can be!

Word Studies for Those that Don't Know Hebrew or Greek

Jackson Wu has some helpful advice here for doing word studies when you don't know Hebrew or Greek.

Mar 14, 2017

Free Audio of a Dan Wallace Textual Criticism Course

You can download free audio of a textual criticism course by Dan Wallace here. Note video and other options are not free but the audio portion is. I am also unsure of how long it will be free so you might want to take advantage of the opportunity sooner rather than later.

Why Are Academic Books So Expensive?

Thomas Kidd explains here.

Mar 13, 2017

Exegesis vs Exposition

Michael Duduit explains the difference between exegesis and exposition here.

Mar 12, 2017

Missions and Hermeneutics

Will Brooks argues that training in biblical interpretation should be an integral part of every missions strategy here.

Mar 11, 2017


Rob Plummer explains how to set goals, manage your time, and grow your Greek here.

Mar 10, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

Keon-Sang An
An Ethiopian Reading of the Bible: Biblical Interpretation of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahido Church
Reviewed by Ralph Lee

Bradley Arnold
Christ as the Telos of Life
Reviewed by Julien M. Ogereau

Margaret Aymer
James: Diaspora Rhetoric of a Friend of God
Reviewed by Carla Swafford Works

Timothy Brookins
Corinthian Wisdom, Stoic Philosophy, and the Ancient Economy
Reviewed by Devin L. White

Michael Gorman
Becoming the Gospel: Paul, Participation, and Mission
Reviewed by Gregory R. Perry

Christoph Heil
Das Spruchevangelium Q und der historische Jesus
Reviewed by Kari Syreeni

Ronald Hendel
Steps to a New Edition of the Hebrew Bible
Reviewed by Emanuel Tov

Corrado Martone
Scritti di Qumran 1
Reviewed by Paola Mollo

Paul A. Rainbow
Johannine Theology: The Gospel, the Epistles and the Apocalypse
Reviewed by Athanasios Despotis

Daniel L. Smith-Christopher
Micah: A Commentary
Reviewed by Claude F. Mariottini

Mar 8, 2017

The Tombs of Esther and Mordechai

You can read this interesting article on the tombs of Esther and Mordechai located in Iran.

Mar 5, 2017

Latest Issue of Review of Biblical Literature

The latest issue of Review of Biblical Literature is out. Reviews can be accessed by clicking the links below but unfortunately you must be a SBL member.

Rainer Albertz
Exodus 19–40
Reviewed by William Johnstone

Darrin W. Snyder Belousek
Good News: The Advent of Salvation in the Gospel of Luke
Reviewed by Benjamin J. Burkholder

Stephen B. Chapman
1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary
Reviewed by Jordan M. Scheetz

Nicole Wilkinson Duran and James P. Grimshaw, eds.
Reviewed by Ernest van Eck

Joachim Eck
Jesaja 1—Eine Exegese der Eröffnung des Jesaja-Buches: Die Präsentation Jesajas und JHWHs, Israels und der Tochter Zion
Reviewed by Richard J. Bautch

Rebekah Eklund
Jesus Wept: The Significance of Jesus’ Laments in the New Testament
Reviewed by Leonard Maré

Izaak J. de Hulster, Brent A. Strawn, and Ryan P. Bonfiglio, eds.
Iconographic Exegesis of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament: An Introduction to Its Method and Practice
Reviewed by Michael B. Hundley

Charles Irons
The Righteousness of God: A Lexical Examination of the Covenant-Faithfulness Interpretation
Reviewed by Robert L. Foster

Britt Leslie
One Thing I Know: How the Blind Man of John 9 Leads an Audience toward Belief
Reviewed by Susanne Luther

Peter S. Williamson
Reviewed by Andrew R. Guffey

Mar 4, 2017

The Very Model of a Doctor of New Testament

Gary Manning provides a New Testament flavored parody of Gilbert and Sullivan's "I am the Very Model of a Modern Major-General" from The Pirates of Penzance here.

Mar 3, 2017

Genealogical Gaps and Chronological Gaps in Biblical Genealogies?

Peter Leithart has an interesting post here interacting with Jeremy Sexton's 2015 critique of William Henry Green's fairly well-known article, "Primeval Chronology" (Bibliotheca Sacra 47 [1890]: 285-303).

Mar 2, 2017

Mudbricks and the Bible

Gary Byers has a fairly comprehensive article on mudbricks and the Bible here.

Mar 1, 2017

Free Logos Book for March: This Risen Existence: The Spirit of Easter

The free Logos Book of the Month for March is This Risen Existence: The Spirit of Easter by Paula Gooder. You can also purchase Fruit of the Soul: Luther on the Lament Psalms for $1.99. For both offers you can go to the Logos' Free Book of Month page here.

Feb 28, 2017

On Footnotes

"For most theological writers/researchers, the writing of footnotes is secondary to the primary task of researching and writing the paper. Footnotes are intended to support your argument, not to draw attention to themselves. When footnotes are well written and carefully cited, they give a paper authority, scholarly credibility, and rhetorical force. In sum, a well written footnote is one that is clear, concise, accurate, rendered in one's own academic voice, and formatted according to the convention of the style of citation required for the paper."

Lucretia B. Yaghjian, Writing Theology Well: A Rhetoric for Theological and Biblical Writers, 2nd ed. (London: Bloomsbury, 2015),154.

Feb 27, 2017

Developing Pastoral Sensitivity

David Murray has some really good advice developing pastoral antennae here. I remind my students frequently that ministry is people. Unfortunately, the pastor as CEO model has done great harm to the traditional pastoral ministries.

Feb 26, 2017

Pastors and Domestic Violence

Christianity Today has an interesting study of pastors perceive domestic violence here.

Feb 25, 2017

Saul and Paul

Greg Lanier has a good correction and explanation here of the use of Saul and Paul in the New Testament.