In honor of Resurrection Sunday yesterday, I thought I would share a portion of Walter Kaiser's discussion of Job 19:21-27 from his recent book, Preaching and Teaching the Last Things. After doing an exposition of Job 19:21-27, Kaiser concludes with the following three points.
"1. A real and personal afterlife was assumed by the Israelites as a naturally and necessary conclusion to the present life, similar to what is evidenced throughout the ancient Near Eastern cultures in their burial practices and writings.
2. Believers have a right to expect that their 'Living redeemer' will 'in the end' raise them back to physical life again.
3. Job's references to 'skin,' 'flesh,' and 'eyes' make it clear that the Old Testament believers were not expecting a resurrection of a disembodied state, or ghostly appearance, but one with a bodily identity."
Walter Kaiser, Preaching and Teaching the Last Things: Old Testament Eschatology for the Life of the Church (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011), 18.