Oct 25, 2012
Some Principle Ancient Sources for Studying Daniel 11:2-35
Gleason Archer provides a helpful list of some of the primary ancient sources for studying Daniel 11:2-35. Archer lists the following:
“The principal ancient sources of information concerning this period are as follows: (1) Polybius of Megalopolis (203-111 B.C.), who composed the general history in forty volumes, comprising the history of the Roman world from 199-167 B.C.; (2) Titus Livius of the first century B.C., who in his monumental history of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita Libri CLXII) treats of the Roman contacts with the Near East up to the death of Philip V of Macedon in vols. 31-60: (3) Flavius Josephus, the Jewish historian of the late first century A.D., whose principal works (Antiquities of the Jews and The Wars of the Jews) were composed in Greek; (4) Appianus Historicus (his other names are not known), who composed most of his works in Greek, although Bella Civilia survives only in Latin. He came originally from Alexandria but transferred to Rome for his adult career during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, and Antoninus Pius. His Suriakhv (Syriake) relates particularly to the Seleucid and Ptolemaic period; (5) Lucius Annaeus Florus, likewise in the time of Trajan (early second cent. A.D.), composed Epitome de Gestis Romanorum; (6) Marcus Junianus Justinus (of the late second cent. A.D.) composed a summary of the work of an earlier historian named Trogus. It was entitled Historiarum Philippicarum et Totius Mundi Originum … ex Trogo Pompeio Excerptarum Libri XLIV and was dedicated to Marcus Aurelius.”
Gleason Archer, “Daniel,” in The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Daniel, the Minor Prophets, ed. Fran E. Gaebelein (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1985), 134–35, n. 9.