- Substantial Jewish content and evidence of a pre-Christian date;
- Compelling evidence that a work was translated from Hebrew;
- Sympathetic concern with the Jewish ritual cult;
- Sympathetic concern with Jewish Law/Torah and halakah;
- Concern with Jewish ethnic and national interest.
One though struck me as I was thinking through this list. Namely, what if one applied the list to the New Testament. Would it affect the debate about the Jewishness of the New Testament?