James D. G. Dunn suggests that the New Testament authors inherited four distinct elements related to a biblical theology of Israel. These elements are:
A. The election of Israel
B. Separation, zeal and blessing
C. Jewish factionalism
D. Israel's eschatological hope.
Dunn also states that the New Testament authors, influenced by the “impact” of Jesus and the Spirit, contributed the following elements to the inherited biblical theological concerning Israel.
A. The restoration of Israel
B. Jesus, Gentiles, and ‘sinners’
C. ‘Even on the Gentiles’
D. The fulfillment of Israel's mission
E. The body of Christ
F. The supersession or (re)definition of Israel?
G. One covenant or two?
James D. G. Dunn, New Testament Theology: An Introduction, Library of Biblical Theology, ed. James D. G. Dunn (Nashville: Abingdon, 2009), 98.